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Title:Islamic Economics Category:General Source:Dr. Mohammed Chemat,2019   Description:Economics means moderation and temperance
Economics means moderation and temperance in human behavior to meet various upright and necessary needs for a living while rationalizing costs. Islam rightly sets regulations in this regard, for economics through integrated humanitarian values comprising financial, material, moral and spiritual aspects as a whole . The unique particularity of the Islamic economics and features thereof, are known through the Islamic view to wealth as a value and conduct having specific functions and various types’ part of the five necessities  in life pertinent to all that is possessed. As fortune is a bliss from God, over which humans are viceroys because of their mental and physical capacity . The Islamic economics is a moral system based on justice, compassion and humanity. With all positive values such trustworthiness and honesty in all economic activity. Notably as the purpose of the financial system is to care for human through all vicissitudes of life via a great marriage between material and spiritual elements integrated to establish economic stability and preserve resources . The aim behind the Islamic economics is to provide comprehensive sustainable development in all aspects of material, spiritual and moral life. While focusing in human building first, for the ability to change and progress. God says, ‘…It is He Who has produced you from the earth and settled you therein…’  : it is a call for efficacy conducive to  sustainable growth out of optimal investment of resources bestowed by God to benefit individual and society. Not only with regard to material aspect, but also with regard to morals and human rapport to actuate happiness with the bliss endowed by the Almighty . Part of the manifestations of community development in Islam, is the realization of social collaboration, balance of private and public interest in the form of obligatory charity such as Zakat, obligatory and voluntary charity, and expiatory and benevolent works. As the Islamic economics focuses on   finance management and circulation to achieve equality of disposition. God says, ‘…give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you’  so that all may lead a good life . Similarly, Islam cares with rationalization of consumption; whether private or public; based on the wording of the Qur’anic verse: ‘…eat and drink, but waste not by excess…’  in order to preserve individual and public interest . The Islamic economics is centrist in balancing and organizing financial affairs in terms of employing and disposing .